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Child Custody Laws in Colorado

Child Custody Laws in Colorado



Over the last ten years, Colorado’s child custody laws and regulations have evolved to reflect the state’s commitment to promoting the best interests of children in custody disputes. This article provides a comprehensive overview of key updates in Colorado’s child custody laws and regulations from 2013 to 2023.

2013: Best Interests Standard

   – Adoption of the best interests standard as the primary criterion in custody decisions.

2014: Shared Parenting Promotion

   – Promotion of shared parenting arrangements to foster the involvement of both parents.

2015: Parenting Plans Requirement

   – Introduction of mandatory parenting plans outlining custody, visitation

, and support arrangements.

2016: Child’s Wishes Consideration

   – Consideration of the child’s preferences in custody determinations based on maturity.

2017: Grandparent Visitation Recognition

   – Recognition of grandparent visitation rights in custody proceedings.

2018: Domestic Violence Protections

   – Strengthened provisions to protect children from exposure to domestic violence.

2019: Mediation Emphasis

   – Emphasis on mediation as a method to resolve custody disputes amicably.

2020: Virtual Visitation Acceptance

   – Acknowledgment of virtual visitation as a means for non-custodial parents to connect with their child.

2021: Military Deployment Consideration

   – Consideration of the impact of military deployment on custody arrangements.

2022: Child Support Integration

   – Integration of child custody and child support processes for consistency.

2023: Relocation Guidelines

   – Introduction of guidelines for parents seeking to relocate with their child, emphasizing stability.

Colorado’s continuous efforts to adapt child custody laws reflect the state’s dedication to the well-being of children and families. Staying informed about these changes is essential for parents and legal practitioners navigating custody matters.

Guide to Child Custody Laws in Colorado

Going through a divorce is very stressful, and dividing child custody can be moreso.  If you’re a Colorado parent, you need to understand the child custody laws in Colorado to have the best chance of getting the custody you want.  There are a number of myths and misconceptions surrounding child custody, and you need to have good information.  This guide will help you separate fact from fiction about child custody laws in Colorado, and make it easier for you to find more specific information on the kind of custody you seek.

Myths About Child Custody Laws in Colorado

Many people believe things about child custody laws that simply aren’t true.  Usually, these myths were true in the past or are law in another state.  One of the biggest myths is that fathers are ineligible to parent very young children unless the mother is unfit.  This is not true: according to child custody laws in Colorado, even very young children can be placed with their mother or father, whichever seems to be in the best interest of the child.

This is more often the mother for small children, but only because mothers tend to take care of younger children more and have a closer relationship with them.  If the father has been the primary caregiver, he is likely to be awarded custody based on child custody laws in Colorado.

In fact, “in the best interest of the child” is the only metric that Colorado courts use to make custody determinations.  Another myth is that children 14 or older can decide for themselves who to live with.  While children’s preferences for one parent or another are taken into account by the judge, child custody laws in Colorado do not permit any child to choose their custody arrangement.

Joint Custody

When parents in Colorado say that they have joint custody, it does not necessarily follow that a child splits all their time equally.  Many joint custody arrangements do manage to have equal time, but if parents live further apart or cannot figure out an equal time arrangement that works for them and their children, one parent will get primary physical custody.

While in this situation, one parent will live with the child significantly more often, child custody laws in Colorado mandate that both parents in a joint custody arrangement have a say in the child’s religious and educational upbringing as well as medical and dental care.

Sole Custody

If parents have a hard time agreeing, or if one parent has issues that the court sees as making them unfit for joint custody, a judge may award sole custody to one parent.  When a parent has sole custody, they no longer have to consult the other parent to make critical decisions about their child according to child custody laws in Colorado.

Parenting Time

Parenting time is what used to be referred to as “visitation.”  Child custody laws in Colorado give a right to parenting time to any parent without primary physical custody of their child.  If the judge feels one parent may pose a safety threat to a child, the visitation awarded may be supervised.