Divorce in Arizona
Residency and Filing Needs
Divorce in Arizona revolves around several stipulations, but one simple thing you need to know without any confusion is the fact that in any divorce proceeding, one party – the party intending to file for the petition – is called the “Petitioner.” The other spouse then will be called the “Respondent.”
One requirement exists in the state of Arizona that needs to be met before filing.
• Either party must be a bona fide resident of the state of Arizona for at least 90 days before filing.
Reasons for Divorce in Arizona
There are many reasons for it, but for the most part the court separates all reasons into two categories:
• No-Fault Divorce
• Fault Divorce
There’s only one way to approve a “No-Fault” divorce determined by the court:
1) The Marriage Simply Needs to Be Irreparably Broken
“Fault” divorce in Arizona, however, is an entirely different situation.
Arizona as part of divorce law recognizes what is considered a ‘higher form’ of marriage, called a Covenant Marriage. From that, “Fault” divorces occur only if:
• Physical Harm or Sexual Harm by Respondent Toward the Petitioner
• Respondent Committed Adultery
• Alcohol Abuse by Respondent
• Drug Abuse by Respondent
• Respondent Has Moved Out of Residency for One Year Prior to Filing for Divorce and Refuses to Return
• Both Parties Have Been Living Separately For at Least One Year After the Date of Legal Separation
• Both Parties Have Been Living Separately For at Least Two Years Before Filing of Divorce
• Both Parties Agree to Dissolve the Marriage
Both “No-Fault” and “Fault” divorce have separate stipulations that can affect custody, child support, and spousal support.
Divorce in Arizona : The Definition of “Legal Separation” Versus “Divorce”
Of course, both parties to a marriage may elect to “legally separate” instead of proceed through a divorce. The difference?
A legal separation is this: when a couple decides to go their separate ways but still keeps their marriage intact. There are many reasons for doing this, such as medical insurance, tax reasons, etc. etc..
Typically, though, a legal separation does lead to a divorce agreement, however, can – but not always – lead to a legal separation. All grounds for divorce apply in this case, and then the marriage dissolves along with any benefits surrounding the marriage.
The Primary Documents For a Divorce in Arizona
They are listed as follows:
• Marital Settlement Agreement
• Acceptance and Waiver of Service
• Preliminary Injunction
• Credit Notification Form
• Affidavit Regarding Minor Children
• Request for Hearing
• Notice of Hearing
• Petition for Dissolution of Marriage
• Decree of Dissolution of Marriage
Divorce in Arizona : Property Distribution
Divorce in Arizona basically honors “community property” standards. This simply means that all assets acquired during the marriage are split between the parties no matter what wishes both parties may have.
By law the court must state to both parties about the fact that they need to come to some sort of agreement when it comes to property distribution. If, however, there’s no agreement, the court will decide.
In addition, the wife’s former or maiden name may also be awarded by the court once divorce has been finalized.
Divorce in Arizona : On the Subject of Spousal Support
For temporary reasons or permanent reasons, alimony can be awarded to either spouse on a case by case basis, following certain recommendations as stipulated by either side.
Dealing With Child Custody
This can be a difficult one to discuss, especially with parents dealing with heartache about where the child(ren) need to stay. You’re looking at four types of custody to address:
• Joint Physical Custody
• Sole Physical Custody
• Joint Legal Custody
• Sole Legal Custody
Typically, though, for ‘physical custody,’ either joint or sole must be decided. The same goes for ‘legal custody.’
“Joint Physical Custody” is when both parents share the child(ren) in terms of where the child(ren) reside: both the mother’s home, and the father’s home. Both parties also share the same physical responsibilities of taking care of the child – providing clothing, transportation to and from school, transportation to and from the doctor, etc. etc..
“Sole Physical Custody” Take that exact definition from above and remove one parent. Essentially only one party has the full physical rights, meaning the child(ren) retains only one address. The non-custodial parent, of course, obtains “Visitation Rights.”
“Joint Legal Custody” is slightly different than ‘physical custody,’ as it involves some of the more inner qualities of parenting in the long-term – such as how the child(ren) will live, the important decisions in the child(ren)’s lives. In addition, the child typically retains the father’s last name when joint custody is shared.
“Sole Legal Custody” Again, take that same definition and remove one party from the equation. That’s what ‘sole’ means. This, of course, changes everything in regards to the child. If one parent has sole legal custody, that means the other parent literally has no rights to the child at all. In some cases, not even visitation rights. The child(ren) can legally have the last name changed as well, and there’s nothing the other parent can do about the decisions made on behalf of the child(ren).
Divorce in Arizona : How to Determine Child Support If Necessary
For the state of Arizona, it’s pretty typical for child support to be handled on an Income Shares Model basis. This is conducted by taking W2’s, combining them, and through a particular formula determine an amount that would best fit the child(ren).
In addition, both parties can come to an agreement of child support; if no agreement can be achieved, though, the court will then decide based on the Model.